Hernia Surgery

What is a Hernia?

When part of an internal organ protrudes through a weakened area of muscle, it is known as a hernia. The muscle may have been weakened from birth, or it may have become weaker due to strain, such as that caused by obesity, coughing or heavy lifting. A laparoscopic procedure known as a hernia repair is needed to treat this condition.

Some common types of hernias that are treated with hernia repair include:

  • Inguinal Hernia: occurs when a part of the intestine or internal body fat pushes through the inguinal canal, an opening in the abdominal wall of the groin. This is the most common type of hernia.
  • Femoral Hernia: occurs between the abdomen and the thigh in the passage that normally contains the femoral artery and vein. These types of hernias are more common in women than in men and can often be recognized as a lump in the upper part of the thigh.
  • Umbilical Hernia: occurs when part of the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall below the belly button. These hernias are most likely to occur in infants, obese adults, or women who have had multiple pregnancies.
  • Hiatal Hernia: occurs when the top part of the stomach passes through the opening in the diaphragm, which separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity. A hiatal hernia often causes acid reflux disease.

During hernia surgery, your physician will close the hernia and strengthen the muscle wall. In many cases, a plastic mesh and special fasteners are used to strengthen the area and prevent a hernia from recurring.