Colorectal Surgery

What is the Colon?

Location of the colon

The colon, or large intestine, is the long tube-like organ of your digestive tract that takes waste from your small intestine, where calories and nutrients are absorbed, to your rectum, where waste is eliminated. As the waste from your food passes through your colon, fluids and salts are removed. If a portion of the colon becomes damaged or diseased, colorectal surgery can be performed to remove part of the colon.

Colon Resection

Most colorectal surgeries involve a colon resection. A colon resection is when a surgeon removes the diseased portion of the large intestine, and then reconnects the two ends from the healthy portions of the colon. Essentially, a colon resection removes the bad part of the intestinal tubing and then pulls the remaining ends together so that the digestive system still functions properly. The joint that is created by attaching the two healthy portions of intestine to each other is called an end-to-end anastamosis.

Colorectal surgeries can often be done laparoscopically, which minimizes the risk of complications and reduces recovery time for patients. Colorectal surgery is performed to treat a variety of illnesses, including bowel obstruction, colon cancer and diverticulitis.