Laparoscopic Surgery

Have you been told that you’re going to have a laparoscopic surgery? Are you considering a procedure that has been described as laparoscopic or “minimally invasive”? Find out what these terms mean and why your surgeon may be recommending this type of procedure.

What is laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery describes a surgery that is performed using a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a long, thin, flexible tube that has a camera and light at the end of it. The camera generates a magnified image onto a monitor in the operating room.

During laparoscopic surgery, 3 to 5 small incisions are made around the area where the procedure will be performed. Plastic tubes, or ports, are inserted into the incisions and then the laparoscope and other specially-designed surgical instruments are inserted into the body through the ports. Your doctor is then able to conduct the surgery by watching the procedure on the monitor.

Why laparoscopic surgery?

Traditional surgery, often called “open” surgery, requires one large incision to be made in the body. The large incision cuts through skin, muscle, and sometimes bone in order to give the surgeon full access to the inside of the body. Laparoscopic surgery eliminates the need for this very large incision. As a result:

  • Less post operative pain
  • Smaller incision scars
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Less overall recovery time
  • Lower risk of complications

Thanks to modern technology, many surgeries can now be performed laparoscopically. Even complex procedures can often be safely completed with the use of a laparoscope and special surgical instruments.

Some laparoscopic surgeries that are performed by the Surgical Consultants of Southwest Florida include:

Parathyroid and thyroid surgeryLaproscopic thyroidectomy: removal of a portion of the thyroid gland, used to treat thyroid tumors and hyperthyroidism

Laparoscopic Heller myotomy: cutting the muscular ring around the lower esophageal sphincter, use to treat achalasia

Achalasia and heartburn and hernia surgery

Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: wrapping the top part of the stomach around the lower part of the esophagus, used to treat severe gastroesophageal reflux disease

Laparoscopic hernia repair: treat inguinal, femoral, hiatal, ventral and incisional hernias

Adrenal, pancreas, spleen, and gallbladder surgery

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy: removal of the adrenal gland

Laparoscopic pancreatectomy: removal of part of the pancreas

Laparoscopic splenectomy: removal of the spleen

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: removal of the gallbladder, used to treat gallstones and bile duct obstruction

Abdominal surgery

Laparoscopic appendectomy: removal of the appendix

Laparoscopic colon resection: removal of part of large intestine, used to treat diverticular disease, bleeding, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, polyps, obstructions and cancer

Laparoscopic small bowel resection: removal of part of small intestine, used to treat benign and malignant tumors, obstruction, polyps, and Crohn’s disease

Laparoscopic gastrectomy: removal of all or part of the stomach