Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

You may have heard about hemorrhoids, but may not know exactly what they are — technically speaking. Hemorrhoids are inflamed and swollen veins located in lower rectum and anus.


Straining while having a bowel movement or the increased pressure during pregnancy are typical causes of this common condition. Chronic hemorrhoids may develop around the anus externally, or they may be located inside the rectum. Chronic constipation and diarrhea are other culprits of hemorrhoids, as is obesity.


Hemorrhoids may cause a number of symptoms including pain, itching and swelling. You may have bleeding, which you will notice on your toilet paper after wiping. In some cases, you may have a lump near the anus, while in other cases you may experience leaking of waste.

Treatment and Drugs

When hemorrhoids are mild, home remedies such as over-the-counter wipes, creams and suppositories, containing hydrocortisone or witch hazel, help to relieve discomfort and itching temporarily; however these products should not be used over a week. Some people find relief in sitz baths, soaking for 10-15 minutes a couple of times per day.

If your symptoms persist or if you have severe hemorrhoids, then you may be advised to have minimally invasive procedures or surgery. Rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy injection or coagulation infared/laser treatments are minimal invasive procedures, conducted in your doctor’s office or outpatient clinic, used in some cases. In more severe cases, your Ft. Myers, Florida doctor may recommend a hemorrhoidectomy, which is surgical removal of your hemorrhoids. Stapled hemorrhoidectomy may also be recommended to block the blood flowing to your hemorrhoidal tissue. Surgical removal of your hemorrhoids may be conducted in an outpatient clinic or it may require hospital admittance.